Fire / Rescue and Healthcare

Courses Recommended for Fire / Rescue and Healthcare Professionals

How to Stop the Bleed

Call 9-1-1

  • Call 9-1-1 yourself

OR

  • Tell someone to call 9-1-1

Ensure Your Safety

  • Before you offer any help, you must ensure your own safety!
  • If you become injured, you will not be able to help the victim.
  • Provide care to the injured person if the scene is safe for you to do so.
  • If, at any time, your safety is threatened, attempt to remove yourself (and the victim if possible) from danger and find a safe location.
  • Protect yourself from blood-borne infections by wearing gloves, if available.

Look for Life-Threatening Bleeding

  • Find the source of bleeding
  • Open or remove the clothing from the wound so you can clearly see it. By removing clothing, you will be able to see injuries that may have been hidden or covered.
  • Look for and identify “life-threatening” bleeding. Examples include:
    • Blood that is spurting out of the wound.
    • Blood that won’t stop coming out of the wound.
    • Blood that is pooling on the ground.
    • Clothing that is soaked with blood.
    • Bandages that are soaked with blood.
    • Loss of all or part of an arm or leg.
    • Bleeding in a victim who is now confused or unconscious.
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Compress and Control

Key Point

There are a number of methods that can be used to stop bleeding and they all have one thing in common—compressing a bleeding blood vessel in order to stop the bleeding.

If you don’t have a trauma first aid kit:

Direct PressureApply direct pressure on the wound (Cover the wound with a clean cloth and apply pressure by pushing directly on it with both hands)

  1. Take any clean cloth (for example, a shirt) and cover the wound.
  2. If the wound is large and deep, try to “stuff” the cloth down into the wound.
  3. Apply continuous pressure with both hands directly on top of the bleeding wound.
  4. Push down as hard as you can.
  5. Hold pressure to stop bleeding. Continue pressure until relieved by medical responders.

If you do have a trauma first aid kit:

For life-threatening bleeding from an arm or leg and a tourniquet is NOT available OR for bleeding from the neck, shoulder or groin:

  • Pack (stuff) the wound with a bleeding control (also called a hemostatic) gauze, plain gauze, or a clean cloth and then apply pressure with both hands
  1. Open the clothing over the bleeding wound. (A)
  2. Wipe away any pooled blood.
  3. Pack (stuff) the wound with bleeding control gauze (preferred), plain gauze, or clean cloth. (B)
  4. Apply steady pressure with both hands directly on top of the bleeding wound. (C)
  5. Push down as hard as you can.
  6. Hold pressure to stop bleeding. Continue pressure until relieved by medical responders.
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For life-threatening bleeding from an arm or leg and a tourniquet is available:

  • Apply the tourniquet
  1. Wrap the tourniquet around the bleeding arm or leg about 2 to 3 inches above the bleeding site (be sure NOT to place the tourniquet onto a joint—go above the joint if necessary).
  2. Pull the free end of the tourniquet to make it as tight as possible and secure the free end. (A)
  3. Twist or wind the windlass until bleeding stops. (B)
  4. Secure the windlass to keep the tourniquet tight. (C)
  5. Note the time the tourniquet was applied. (D)

Note: A tourniquet will cause pain but it is necessary to stop the life-threatening bleeding.

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Recommended Products

Save a Life Flowchart

Stop the Bleed Videos

How to Use a Tourniquet

In this video, Dr. Lenworth Jacobs walks you through how to apply a tourniquet on a bleeding victim. Lenworth M. Jacobs, MD, MPH, FACS, is a trauma surgeon and Chair of the Hartford Consensus, a committee that aims to create a protocol for the national policy to enhance survivability from active shooter and intentional mass casualty events.

See Stop the Bleed

How can you stop the bleed? Learn about Stop the Bleed kits that are popping up in public sites across the nation and on TV’s Code Black!

A Perfect Stranger

“A Perfect Stranger,” tells the story of Kinneil and Angelia and the event that brought the two women together. It is a powerful reminder that at a moment’s notice, any one of us might find ourselves in a situation where we are the help until help arrives. In the end, this film calls on all Americans to remake what it means to be a bystander. Video courtesy of FEMA.

Improving Survivability

This brief video produced by the Hartford Consensus provides an overview of recommended response and bleeding control protocol in the event of a mass casualty event. The video, in conjunction with other training materials, can be useful as an introduction or refresher to bleeding control training.

The Cast of ‘Code Black’ on Stop The Bleed

The cast of ‘Code Black’ and CBS Cares encourage you to learn how to stop the bleed.

Group Rates Available

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